University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 

Charge State Calculator


Please input temperature T and element Z to see the corresponding charge-state distribution.
Distribution calculated from ionization and recombination rates given by Mazzotta et al., A&AS 133, 403-409 (1998).
Allowed temperature range: 1.0e4 K <= T <= 1.0e10.

Element z:
Temperature (K):
Plot Data
Charge State Distributions

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